Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Endangered

Marquesas Monarch (Pomarea mendozae)


Taxonomy

French: Monarque des Marquises German: Marquesasmonarch Spanish: Monarca de las Marquesas
Taxonomy:

Monarcha Mendozae

Hartlaub

, 1854,

St Christina (= Tahuata) Island, Marquesas

.

Formerly included †P. nukuhivae and P. mira as races, but genetic data#R indicate that these are better treated as two discrete species. Nominate race extinct. One extant subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. m. mendozae (Hartlaub, 1854) – Hiva Oa and Tahuata, in Marquesas Is.
  • P. m. motanensis#R Murphy & Mathews, 1928 – Mohotani, in Marquesas Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    17 cm. Dull-coloured flycatcher. Nominate race extinct. Male race motanensis has entire plumage black, with dark iris, pale blue bill, dark legs. Female has black... read more

    Voice

    On Mohotani (race motanensis) a raspy “sherkee-six” or “tchioui-tchioui”, and clear... read more

    Habitat

    Forested valleys at high elevations and degraded forest at all elevations. On Mohotani found in dry... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mainly insectivorous. Active feeder at all forest levels; appears to prefer sunlit areas among dead leaves.

    Breeding

    Appears to occur throughout year. Aggressively defends territory. Nest (with diameter 12–14 cm) constructed 4–20 m above ground... read more

    Movements

    Sedentary; immatures wander to drier areas.

    Status and conservation

    ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Marquesas Islands EBA. Survives only in forests of Mohotani, where 200 individuals in 2005, in c. 200 ha of Pisonia... read more

    Recommended citation

    Gregory, P. (2017). Marquesas Monarch (Pomarea mendozae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/59206 on 21 September 2017).