Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Masked Flowerpiercer (Diglossa cyanea)


Taxonomy

French: Percefleur masqué German: Maskenhakenschnabel Spanish: Pinchaflor enmascarado
Taxonomy:

Uncirostrum cyaneum

Lafresnaye

, 1840,

Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia

.

See D. glauca (above). Populations in N (presumably tovarensis) and S of range in Venezuela sing differently, suggesting that two species might be involved#R. Distributional limits of race obscura uncertain; not yet recorded on Colombian side of Sierra de Perijá, but may extend S to meet nominate race near border of Venezuela with Colombia. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • D. c. tovarensis J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1952 – coastal cordillera of N Venezuela (in Aragua and Distrito Federal).
  • D. c. obscura Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1952 – Sierra de Perijá, in W Venezuela.
  • D. c. cyanea (Lafresnaye, 1840) – Andes of Venezuela (S from Trujillo) and all three ranges in Colombia and Andes of Ecuador (except far SW).
  • D. c. dispar J. T. Zimmer, 1942 – Andes of SW Ecuador and NW Peru.
  • D. c. melanopis Tschudi, 1844 – Andes of Peru (except NW) S to Andes in Bolivia (to Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    15 cm; 12–22·5 g. Large, rich blue flowerpiercer with red eyes and large black mask, rather long and thin bill only slightly upturned and with relatively small... read more

    Voice

    In N Venezuela, song (race tovarensis) given all year, a high, wiry series of 2–3... read more

    Habitat

    Humid montane forest (cloudforest) and forest borders and in smaller numbers to tree-line, where... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small fruits and berries (especially species of Melastomataceae), also some insects; more frugivorous than any other member of genus. Seen... read more

    Breeding

    Fledglings in Dec, Mar and Apr in Venezuela and Colombia and in Mar, May, Jul and Dec in Peru and Bolivia, immatures reported virtually... read more

    Movements

    Poorly documented. In some areas undertakes seasonal or periodic movements, mostly between higher... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common; widespread. Occurs in many parks and reserves, among them Henri Pittier, Sierra Nevada and Tamá National Parks (... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2017). Masked Flowerpiercer (Diglossa cyanea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61776 on 20 September 2017).