Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Near Threatened

Mexican Sheartail (Doricha eliza)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri d’Eliza German: Rosenkehl-Sternkolibri Spanish: Colibrí de Elisa
Taxonomy:

Trochilus eliza

Lesson and DeLattre

, 1839,

between Veracruz and Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico

.

The two populations of present species differ in some plumage characters, but otherwise morphological differences apparently very slight#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

SE Mexico: C Veracruz, and N coast of Yucatán Peninsula (E to Holbox I).

Descriptive notes

Male 9·5–10 cm (including moderately long tail), female 8·5–9 cm; 2·4–2·6 g. Male has long, moderately decurved black bill;... read more

Voice

During courtship display-flight, male utters a dry chattering at bottom of the courtship dive and... read more

Habitat

Mangrove edge, arid scrub and parklands. Yucatán population found principally in arid scrub... read more

Food and feeding

Observed feeding, presumably on nectar, at terrestrial Ipomoea and Justicia; also at Helicteres guazumaefolia,... read more

Breeding

Breeding condition in May, and nest with small chicks in early Aug, in Veracruz; nesting in Aug–Apr, in Yucatán, with recently... read more

Movements

Only movements noted were apparently local.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Yucatán Peninsula Coastal Scrub EBA. Veracruz... read more

Recommended citation

Peterson, A.T., de Juana, E., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Mexican Sheartail (Doricha eliza). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/55644 on 20 September 2017).