Family Thrushes (Turdidae)

Least Concern

Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus)


French: Grive draine German: Misteldrossel Spanish: Zorzal Charlo

Turdus viscivorus


, 1758,

Essex, England


Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
T. v. viscivorus Linnaeus, 1758 - Europe E to W Siberia and N Iran; non-breeding also N Africa and SW Asia.
T. v. deichleri Erlanger, 1897 - NW Africa, Corsica and Sardinia.
T. v. bonapartei Cabanis, 1860 - Turkmenistan and SC Siberia S to W Nepal and Altai; non-breeding C & S Asia.

Descriptive notes

27–28 cm; 93–167 g. Large, long-tailed, rather pale thrush. Nominate race is brownish-grey above, with buffy-olive rump, narrow whitish wingbars and greyish... read more


Song, by male from treetop, at times in flight (relatively common in open park-like landscapes), a... read more


Mosaic of wooded and open country, thus open mature forest, woodland glades, orchards, riverside... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates and, in autumn and winter, seeds and fruits. Animal food includes adult and larval beetles (Coleoptera) of at least ten... read more


Late Mar to late Jun in W & C Europe, and from late Apr at earliest in N (Finland); late Mar to Jul in Afghanistan E to W Himalayas;... read more


Largely sedentary or partial migrant in W of range, roughly from Germany S to Balkans, Turkey and... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common in most of range; fairly scarce in Afghanistan; uncommon to frequent resident in NW Africa; locally common in W Himalayas. Densities in hilly... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2005). Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2013). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 2 September 2014).