Family New Zealand Parrots (Strigopidae)

Endangered

New Zealand Kaka (Nestor meridionalis)


Taxonomy

French: Nestor superbe German: Kaka Spanish: Kaka
Other common names: Kaka
Taxonomy:

Psittacus meridionalis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,

Dusky Sound, South Island, New Zealand

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Probably closest to †N. productus, formerly of Norfolk I and nearby Phillip I (became extinct in mid-19th century). Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • N. m. septentrionalis L. Lorenz von Liburnau, 1896 – North I and some offshore islands.
  • N. m. meridionalis (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – South I, Stewart I and larger offshore islands.
  • Descriptive notes

    45 cm; average 550 g. Forehead to nape whitish, lightly edged buff; face brown with broad pinkish flecks that become yellow on ear-coverts; colours of head shade to olive-... read more

    Voice

    The commonest call, typically given in flight, is a very harsh grating “krraah” or “ka-rah”... read more

    Habitat

    Remaining areas of lowland and mid-altitude native forest.

    Food and feeding

    Fruits, including Podocarpus ferrugineus, Beilschmiedia tarairi, berries, seeds (notably of Agathis australis),... read more

    Breeding

    Sept–Mar. Nest in large hollow in limb or trunk, also in hollow base of cabbage tree; on Kapiti commonly below 3 m, and the preferred... read more

    Movements

    Birds are partly nomadic, sometimes appearing in areas from which they have been absent for some... read more

    Status and conservation

    ENDANGERED. CITES II. Previously listed as Vulnerable. The species has suffered chronic decline owing to habitat clearance, and mainland populations face further declines... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2017). New Zealand Kaka (Nestor meridionalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/54483 on 24 October 2017).