China = Shanghai.
Formerly treated, with H. nisicolor, as a subspecies of H. fugax, but recently split#R, with support from subsequent workers#R#R, on basis of strong vocal differences from both H. nisicolor and H. fugax (at least 3); longer wing (effect size 2.76 vs nisicolor, 3.4 vs fugax) (2); rufous breast (a) paler and unstreaked vs nisicolor (2) and (b) quite unlike buffy-white breast with blackish-brown streaks of fugax (3). Monotypic.
NE China, Ussuriland and Sakhalin, and S to Korea, Japan and SE China; winters S to Borneo.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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