Until recently considered conspecific with T. paradisi, T. incei and T. floris, but molecular study#R suggests otherwise. Differs from second (see above) and third (below) in characters given under those species. From first in its much shorter crest (3); smaller bill (allow 2); pale rufous vs white vent (2); and reputedly different voice (ns)#R. Allocation of race saturatior to T. paradisi#R mistaken#R. Proposed races madzoedi (N Sumatra) and australis (S Sumatra) are included in affinis. Eight subspecies currently recognized.
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