Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Critically Endangered

Palila (Loxioides bailleui)


Taxonomy

French: Psittirostre palila German: Schwarzmasken-Kleidervogel Spanish: Palila de Hawái
Taxonomy:

Loxioïdes Bailleui

Oustalet

, 1877,

Hawaii

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Hawaii, in E Hawaiian Is.

Descriptive notes

19 cm; male 38·1 g, female 37·6 g, juvenile male 38·4 g, juvenile female 38·7 g. A large finch with relatively small blunt, arched bill like that... read more

Voice

Call an onomatopoeic "pa-léé-la" or variations thereof, often with... read more

Habitat

High-elevation open-canopy mamane-naio (Sophora chrysophylla-Myoporum sandwicense... read more

Food and feeding

Main food taken is green mamane seeds; consumes also caterpillars, naio fruits, mamane flowers. Young are fed with caterpillars and also... read more

Breeding

Nests in first half of year. Occasional helpers at nest recorded. Male courtship includes low flutter-and-glide display-flights and... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Hawai‘i EBA. Has tiny global range, within which population has declined rapidly and steeply; 96% of total... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D., de Juana, E. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2017). Palila (Loxioides bailleui). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61435 on 26 September 2017).