French: Grand Pic German: Helmspecht Spanish: Picamaderos norteamericano
America = South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
H. p. abieticola
(Bangs, 1898) – S British Columbia E across S Canada to Nova Scotia, S to NW & CE California, C Idaho, W Montana, C Saskatchewan, SE Iowa and about Virginia.
H. p. pileatus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – SE USA from approximately Illinois E to Virginia and S to SE Texas and Florida.
40–48 cm; 250–340 g (abieticola). Large. Male has buffish nasal tufts, bright red forehead, crown and long crest, narrow white stripe behind eye, black... read more
Single or repeated “wuk”, “cuk” or “cac” notes, particularly in... read more
Coniferous and deciduous forest, and mixed forest, from rather open deciduous to dense mature... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly ants, principally carpenter ants (Camponotus), but Crematogaster and Formica also recorded; beetle larvae... read more
Laying from Apr in S, May–Jun in N and at higher altitudes; courtship from Feb. Displays include crest-raising, wing-spreading, also... read more
Chiefly resident. Possibly some short-distance movement or wandering; in montane areas may move to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Not very common, and generally rather local. Estimates of density in first half of 20th century include 1 pair/67 ha in Florida and 1 pair/43–... read more
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