Family Pelicans (Pelecanidae)

Least Concern

Pink-backed Pelican (Pelecanus rufescens)


Taxonomy

French: Pélican gris German: Rötelpelikan Spanish: Pelícano rosado
Taxonomy:

Pelecanus rufescens

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

West Africa

.

Part of a clade that includes also P. crispus, P. philippensis and P. conspicillatus#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Subtropical and tropical Africa from Senegal E to Sudan and Somalia and S to N South Africa and Namibia; also SW Arabia and, in small numbers, extreme SE Egypt.

Descriptive notes

125–132 cm; 3·9–7 kg; bill 29–38 cm; wingspan 216–290 cm. Breeding adult has most of feathers long and lanceolate, white, often mixed with... read more

Voice

Not very vocal. Utters guttural calls at breeding colony.

Habitat

Very variable. Prefers freshwater lakes, swamps, rivers and seasonal ponds; sometimes along coast,... read more

Food and feeding

Fish, mostly 80–290 g, but up to 400 g. Like P. onocrotalus prefers cichlids, especially Haplochromis, but takes... read more

Breeding

Breeds all year round, mostly starting late in rains; on Eritrean islands, in Red Sea, nests Oct–Feb in N, extending to Jul in S.... read more

Movements

Mostly dispersive, especially juveniles, but some regular movement N into sub-Saharan steppes for... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread and common; locally abundant, especially in sub-Saharan zone. Difficult to estimate population, this due to tree-nesting... read more

Recommended citation

Elliott, A., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Pink-backed Pelican (Pelecanus rufescens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52611 on 22 October 2017).