Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Puerto Rican Woodpecker (Melanerpes portoricensis)


Taxonomy

French: Pic de Porto Rico German: Puerto-Rico-Specht Spanish: Carpintero puertorriqueño
Taxonomy:

Picus portoricensis

Daudin

, 1803,

Puerto Rico

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Puerto Rico and nearby Vieques I (Greater Antilles).

Descriptive notes

c. 22 cm; 45–72 g. Small, distinctive woodpecker. Male has white forehead, lores and narrow circle of feathers around eye, tinged buffish on forehead; blue-glossed... read more

Voice

Wide variety of calls, most commonly “wek, wek, wek-wek-wek-wek-wek” or similar, increasing in... read more

Habitat

Wooded areas, ranging from mangrove-swamps and coconut plantations on coast to montane forest; also... read more

Food and feeding

Animal food principally wood-boring beetle larvae, ants and earwigs (Dermaptera), also grasshoppers, bugs, occasionally frogs and lizards.... read more

Breeding

Nest-building from Jan, laying mostly in Apr–May. Solitary; possibly occasionally colonial. Nest excavated in dead stump, usually... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands EBA. Common and widespread on Puerto Rico; rare on Vieques. No data on... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Puerto Rican Woodpecker (Melanerpes portoricensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56157 on 25 June 2017).