Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Purple-throated Euphonia (Euphonia chlorotica)


Taxonomy

French: Organiste chlorotique German: Purpurkehlorganist Spanish: Eufonia golipúrpura
Taxonomy:

Tanagra chlorotica

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Cayenne, French Guiana

.

May form a monophyletic species group with E. affinis, E. luteicapilla and E. trinitatis; has formerly been regarded as conspecific with last-mentioned, but differs in habitat and female plumage. Geographical distribution of some races poorly defined, and ranges listed below somewhat tentative; further study required. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. c. cynophora (Oberholser, 1918) – W & S Venezuela (S Táchira, and E to Amazonas and Bolívar E to R Caura and R Cuyuní) S to E Colombia (Meta), probably also N Brazil (N Roraima).
  • E. c. chlorotica (Linnaeus, 1766) – the Guianas and NC & E Brazil (E & S Amapá, and S of R Amazon from R Tapajós E through N Mato Grosso, Goiás and Minas Gerais to Bahia and Espírito Santo).
  • E. c. amazonica Parkes, 1969 – both banks of R Amazon E from SE Colombia and extreme NE Peru to NC Brazil (R Tapajós, at Santarém).
  • E. c. taczanowskii P. L. Sclater, 1886 – lowlands in N, E & SE Peru (mainly vicinity of R Marañón, both E & W of river, and Pampas del Heath) and N Bolivia.
  • E. c. serrirostris d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 – SE Bolivia and S Brazil (from S Mato Grosso, S Goiás and Rio de Janeiro) S to Paraguay, extreme N Uruguay, and N & C Argentina (S to N Buenos Aires).
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10 cm; 8–14·3 g. Small euphonia with short, thick bill. Male nominate race has bright yellow forehead and forecrown extending to just above rear of eye; rest of head and... read more

    Voice

    Typical call a high, clear, whistled “teee, deee”, this often lengthened to 3–4 notes, e.g. “teee,... read more

    Habitat

    In Amazon Basin occurs primarily along forest borders, and in river-edge and young river-island... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mistletoe berries (Loranthaceae), also wide variety of other small fruits, including those of Cecropia (Urticaceae), Annona... read more

    Breeding

    A nest in Paraguay was a globular domed structure with small circular side entrance, much like that of others of genus, mainly of fibres... read more

    Movements

    Resident. Some seasonal movements in and out of dry Andean valleys (Peru) and in and out of... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Widespread and fairly common to locally common. Found in wide variety of forest-edge and semi-open habitats. Occurs in many parks and reserves, and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2017). Purple-throated Euphonia (Euphonia chlorotica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61786 on 25 September 2017).