Family Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Least Concern

Red-billed Malkoha (Zanclostomus javanicus)


Taxonomy

French: Malcoha javanais German: Kastanienbauchkuckuck Spanish: Malcoha piquirrojo
Taxonomy:

Phœnicophaus [sic] Javanicus

Horsfield

, 1821,

Java

.

Sometimes placed in Phaenicophaeus, but feathered face with small bare patch, and sickle-shaped bill, support separate genus. May be treated as monotypic, as races weak. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • Z. j. pallidus Robinson & Kloss, 1921 – S Myanmar (Tenasserim) and S Thailand through Peninsular Malaysia to Sumatra and Borneo.
  • Z. j. natunensis Chasen, 1935 – Natuna Is.
  • Z. j. javanicus (Horsfield, 1821) – Java.
  • Descriptive notes

    42 cm; 98 g. Adult grey above, glossed bluish green on back and wings, tail tipped white; rufous below with grey lower-breast bar; bare skin around eye grey or blue, iris... read more

    Voice

    A striking whining call, a quiet and deep “kuk”.

    Habitat

    High trees in drier forest, forest edge, secondary scrub. Lowlands and hilly areas to 1000 m,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Large insects, cicadas, stick insects (phasmids), grasshoppers (Acrididae, Tettigoniidae), mantids, beetles (Scarabaeidae), bugs, winged... read more

    Breeding

    Breeds Jun in Peninsular Malaysia, Apr in Kalimantan. Monogamous, lives in pairs. Nest a flimsy platform of twigs. Eggs chalky white; 29 x... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. The least common malkoha species in Borneo, where it has, however, shown itself capable of adapting to cocoa plantations; also rather infrequent in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Payne, R. (2017). Red-billed Malkoha (Zanclostomus javanicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/54842 on 22 June 2017).