French: Harle huppé German: Mittelsäger Spanish: Serreta mediana
Breeds in most of N North America S to Great Lakes; Greenland, Iceland and most of N Eurasia S to Britain, parts of E Europe, NE China and N Japan. In winter expands range S to both coasts of North America, C Europe and Mediterranean Basin, Black and Caspian Seas, S coast of Iran and Pakistan, and coasts of E China, Korea and Japan.
52–58 cm; male 947–1350 g, female 900–1100 g; wingspan 70–86 cm. Large, long- and relatively slim-bodied sawbill, with long, narrow, serrated, hook-... read more
Male utters complex, wheezy, cat-like “yeow-yeow”, single-noted “yeow” or loud, rough-sounding... read more
Breeds on rather deep lakes and rivers (including their estuaries) with only moderate currents,... read more
Food and feeding
Small, shoaling, freshwater or marine fish; also aquatic invertebrates (especially crustaceans, but also worms, insects and amphibians) and... read more
Starts Apr/Jun, depending on latitude, with nesting starting between late May and mid Jul in New Brunswick, first eggs in Britain in late... read more
Partially migratory: in W Palearctic males first to depart breeding areas (from early Jun) to moult... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). No total estimates of population size available, but North American spring population calculated at c. 237,000 birds in mid 1970s and... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!