Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis)


Taxonomy

French: Pic à nuque rouge German: Rotnacken-Saftlecker Spanish: Chupasavia nuquirrojo
Taxonomy:

Sphyrapicus varius var. nuchalis

S. F. Baird

, 1858,

southern Rocky Mountains = Mimbres River, New Mexico, USA

.

Closely related to S. varius and S. ruber; sometimes treated as conspecific with former and in the past also with latter, hybridizing occasionally with varius in SW Canada (Alberta) and more frequently with ruber in various areas; has interbred rarely with S. thyroideus. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Rocky Mts from SE British Columbia and SW & SE Alberta E to W South Dakota, and S, discontinuously, to SE California, E Arizona and NE & S New Mexico; in winter from S California, Arizona and W Texas S to C Mexico.

Descriptive notes

c. 19–21 cm; 36–61 g, mean 52·4 g. Male has bright red forehead and crown, black band on hindcrown, red nape, black band down hindneck, narrow white stripe... read more

Voice

Mewing “meeah”, lower-pitched than that of S. varius, also more vibrant... read more

Habitat

Deciduous forest containing aspen (Populus tremuloides), or in pure aspen stands... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods, tree sap; diet presumably similar to that of S. varius. Ants (Camponotus) apparently important as nestling... read more

Breeding

May–Aug. Monogamous, male and female may reunite in consecutive seasons; solitary. Nest excavated at 1–25 m in tree, e.g. aspen... read more

Movements

Migratory. Leaves breeding areas mostly in Sept, moving relatively short distances. Winter range... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common in breeding range; fairly common in Mexican non-breeding range; few data. No known threats; protection and appropriate management of... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56177 on 18 October 2017).