Columba (domestica) β livia
J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
Ancestor of feral pigeon. Closely related to C. rupestris of C Asia and C. leuconota of Himalayas. Considerable confusion as to the degree to which several populations are “natural”, and how much they have been affected by mixing with feral birds; proposed races atlantis, canariensis and nigricans appear to refer to feral populations. Birds of Egyptian Sudan previously separated as race butleri; race lividior (Fiko, SC Mali) included within gymnocycla#R. Nine subspecies currently recognized.
Introduced and feral populations almost worldwide.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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