French: Calao à cou roux German: Nepalhornvogel Spanish: Cálao del Nepal
S Bhutan and NE India (Sikkim and N West Bengal to Arunachal and S Assam Hills) E to S China (W & S Yunnan), and S to N & S Myanmar, N & W Thailand, N Laos and NW Vietnam.
90–100 cm; male 2500 g, female 2270 g. Very large hornbill; has rather pale yellow bill with black stripes. Male has rufous head, neck and underparts, glossy black... read more
Utters loud croaks, roars and cackling sounds during display, and short barking notes “kuk... read more
Dense evergreen and deciduous hill forest, mainly along ridges and in mountains, at 150–2200... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly fruits, including figs and mangoes, but dietary specifics poorly known, although includes Dysoxylum during breeding season... read more
Little known. Lays in Jan–Jun; pair engaged in courtship display and nest-hole excavation, mid-Apr, in Bhutan. Monogamous and... read more
Probably sedentary, although unspecified altitudinal migrations reported in Bhutan and suggested... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. CITES II. Population estimated 1500–7000 mature individuals within an overall range of 285,000 km2. Despite widespread distribution, species has disappeared... read more
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