Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Rufous-winged Woodpecker (Piculus simplex)


Taxonomy

French: Pic à ailes rousses German: Zimtflügelspecht Spanish: Carpintero alirrufo
Taxonomy:

Chloronerpes simplex

Salvin

, 1870,

Bugaba, Chiriquí, Panama

.

Generally thought to be closely related to P. callopterus, P. leucolaemus and P. litae; all four have often been treated as conspecific. Proposed race allophyeus, from Honduras, known from only two specimens; further study needed. Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Honduras S to Costa Rica and W Panama (W Chiriquí, W Bocas del Toro, Atlantic slope of Veraguas).

Descriptive notes

c. 18 cm; 51–55 g. Male has red forehead to hindneck, red lores, very broad red malar band; brownish-green ear-coverts, sometimes some red feather tips towards eye;... read more

Voice

Loud, sharp, nasal “deeeah”, more drawn out and higher than note of P. rubiginosus... read more

Habitat

Canopy and edge of humid forest, sometimes large trees in adjacent semi-open terrain. Lowlands and... read more

Food and feeding

Ants, beetles and their larvae. Occurs singly, less often in pairs; occasionally accompanies mixed-species flocks. Forages high in trees,... read more

Breeding

Feb–May. Nest-hole excavated 2·5–5 m up in recently dead tree or rotten stub. Clutch 2–4 eggs; no other... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common. Occurs in Braulio Carrillo National Park and Guayabo National Monument, in Costa Rica.

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Rufous-winged Woodpecker (Piculus simplex). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/56255 on 18 August 2017).