French: Pic brun German: Rötelspecht Spanish: Carpintero rufo
Subspecies and Distribution
M. b. humei
Kloss, 1918 – N India (Himachal Pradesh) E to W Nepal.
M. b. jerdonii
(Malherbe, 1849) – W India (S from S Gujarat) S to Sri Lanka.
M. b. phaioceps
(Blyth, 1845) – C Nepal and E India E to Myanmar and S China (SE Tibet, W & S Yunnan) and S to S Thailand.
M. b. fokiensis
(Swinhoe, 1863) – SE China and N Vietnam.
M. b. holroydi
Swinhoe, 1870 – Hainan.
M. b. williamsoni
Kloss, 1918 – S & SW Thailand.
M. b. annamensis
Delacour & Jabouille, 1924 – Laos, Cambodia and C & S Vietnam.
M. b. badius
Raffles, 1822 – Malay Peninsula S to Sumatra, including Nias I, Bangka and Belitung.
M. b. brachyurus
(Vieillot, 1818) – Java.
M. b. badiosus
(Bonaparte, 1850) – Borneo and N Natuna Is.
c. 25 cm; 55–84 g (squamigularis, badiosus), 82–107 g (jerdonii), 92–114 g (phaioceps). Male has dark brown... read more
Highly vocal: series of 3 nasal “kweep” or “keenk” notes delivered in less than 1 second (sometimes... read more
Primary forest and secondary forest, both evergreen and deciduous. Open forest, secondary growth,... read more
Food and feeding
Chiefly ants and their brood, particularly of genus Crematogaster, but also Pheidole and Oecophylla; also... read more
Apr–Jun in Nepal, Sikkim and N Myanmar, Feb–Jun in S India and Sri Lanka, Jan–Apr in Thailand and Malaysia, May–Jun... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common in India, uncommon in Nepal, scarce in Sri Lanka; common in China; fairly common to common throughout SE Asia and Greater Sundas.... read more
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