French: Engoulevent affin German: Savannennachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras de sabana
Other common names:
Allied Nightjar (“monticolus group”)
Subspecies and Distribution
C. a. monticolus
Franklin, 1831 – Franklin’s Nightjar – NE Pakistan and India E to Myanmar and S to Thailand and Cambodia.
C. a. amoyensis
E. C. S. Baker, 1931 – SE China and N Vietnam.
C. a. stictomus
Swinhoe, 1863 – Taiwan.
C. a. griseatus
Walden, 1875 – N & C Philippines (Luzon, Catanduanes, Mindoro, Sibuyan, Negros and Cebu).
C. a. mindanensis
Mearns, 1905 – Mindanao, in SE Philippines.
C. a. affinis
Horsfield, 1821 – Savanna Nightjar – S Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and Java E to Lombok, and possibly S Sulawesi.
C. a. propinquus
Riley, 1918 – Sulawesi (possibly except Makassar region of SW peninsula).
C. a. undulatus
Mayr, 1944 – Sumbawa, Komodo and Flores (W Lesser Sundas).
C. a. kasuidori
Hachisuka, 1932 – Sumba and Sawu (C Lesser Sundas).
C. a. timorensis
Mayr, 1944 – Alor, Timor, Roti and Kisar (E Lesser Sundas).
20–26 cm; male 54–86 g, female 75–110 g. Sexually dimorphic. Upperparts brown, speckled whitish or cinnamon and streaked blackish-brown; pale buffish,... read more
Call is a loud, repetitive “chwip” or “chweep”, given mainly in flight.... read more
Mainly grassland, grassy plains and open woodland and forest, often with scrub or rocky outcrops;... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes moths, mantises, beetles, termites and flying ants. Forages in flight, often high above ground, hawking after prey over... read more
Breeds Jun–Jul in N Pakistan, Apr–Aug in India and Himalayas, May to perhaps Mar in Philippines, Mar–Dec in Java, and Apr... read more
Poorly known. S populations that form affinis group appear to be largely sedentary, though... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common to common throughout its range. Abundant passage migrant and common breeding bird in N Pakistan; probably not uncommon in SE China;... read more
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