Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Near Threatened

Splendid Woodpecker (Campephilus splendens)


Taxonomy

French: Pic resplendissant German: Bänder-Blutbauchspecht Spanish: Picamaderos esplendoroso
Taxonomy:

Campophilus [sic] splendens

Hargitt

, 1889,

Puerto Valdivia, Antioquia, Colombia

.

Formerly (along with C. haematogaster) placed, with all current congeners except C. magellanicus, C. principalis and C. imperialis, in genus Phloeoceastes. Usually regarded as conspecific with C. haematogaster, but differs in having three large buff vs two mid-sized white spots on flight-feathers (apparently previously undocumented in the literature) (3); red vs black on mid-throat to upper breast on male (3); shade deeper scarlet crown (ns[1]); buff submoustachial extends down neck side (2); generally slightly more barred and mottled underparts and back (ns[1]); reputedly different voice#R, consisting simply of a loud “stk” rather than a loud “stk! st-kr-r-r-r-r-r-r” (at least 1). Monotypic.

Distribution:

Panama to W Ecuador.

Descriptive notes

33–34 cm; 225–250 g. Male has buffish nasal tufts, thin buff supercilium behind eye, broad buff cheekband with downward extension to lower neck side, black line from forehead... read more

Voice

Loud “stk”. Song a repetition of harsh, nasal, squeaky but loud “eer” notes. Drumming a rapid,... read more

Habitat

Humid and wet forest, montane forest, and forest edges; most frequent inside tall forest, including... read more

Food and feeding

Diet poorly known; predominantly large beetles (Coleoptera), both adults and larvae, insects. Forages mostly on trunks of large trees at... read more

Breeding

Little known. Breeding has been recorded in Mar–May in Panama.

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Global population not yet quantified; appears to be rare in Panama and rare to locally uncommon to rare in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Splendid Woodpecker (Campephilus splendens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/467456 on 29 June 2017).