Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Stripe-tailed Hummingbird (Eupherusa eximia)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à épaulettes German: Streifenschwanzkolibri Spanish: Colibrí colirrayado
Taxonomy:

Ornismya eximia

DeLattre

, 1843,

Cobán, Guatemala

.

Closely related to E. cyanophrys and E. poliocerca. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. e. nelsoni Ridgway, 1910 – E Mexico (SW Veracruz, N Oaxaca).
  • E. e. eximia (DeLattre, 1843) – extreme E Mexico (Chiapas) S through highlands to C Nicaragua.
  • E. e. egregia P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1868 – highlands of Costa Rica and W Panama.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10·5 cm; male 4·7 g, female 4·1 g. Bill black, feet dusky flesh-coloured. Male of nominate race bronzy-green above, glittering green below,... read more

    Voice

    Song a long series of 1–3 squeaky or metallic notes, followed by a lower-pitched, dry insect-like... read more

    Habitat

    Canopy and borders of cool, wet highland forest, descending to shrub level in gaps, along forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Visits flowers of a variety of trees, including Inga and Clusia, shrubs, especially Acanthaceae and Rubiaceae, also ... read more

    Breeding

    Late wet into dry season, Sept–Mar or Apr in Costa Rica; Apr–Jun in Oaxaca, Mexico. Nest a neat cup of pale-colored plant down... read more

    Movements

    In Costa Rica and probably Panama often descends to lower elevations, locally down to 250–300... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally uncommon to common over most of range, where deforestation has not been severe. Regularly recorded in the Mayan ruins of Palenque,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Stiles, F.G. & Boesman, P. (2017). Stripe-tailed Hummingbird (Eupherusa eximia). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/55451 on 27 May 2017).