J. F. Gmelin, 1788,
Moluccas; error = Malacca.
This species, along with P. temminckii, P. kizuki, P. maculatus, P. ramsayi, P. canicapillus and P. nanus, was previously placed in Dendrocopos, but molecular studies indicate that they all form a separate clade of very small species, evidently sister to the P. tridactylus clade#R#R; all seven have been combined in Yungipicus by some authors. Present species was, until recently, treated as conspecific with P. nanus, but separated by recent authors#R on “several characters”, enumerated here as: dark vs pale iris (3); lack of red eyering (2); possession of dark malar stripe (3); and heavier streaking below (ns). Birds from Alor (C Lesser Sundas) described as race excelsior, but represent clinal variation. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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