Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Thick-billed Euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris)


Taxonomy

French: Organiste à bec épais German: Dickschnabelorganist Spanish: Eufonia piquigruesa
Taxonomy:

E[uphonia]. laniirostris

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Yuracares, Bolivia

.

Race zopholega doubtfully distinct from nominate. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. l. crassirostris P. L. Sclater, 1857 – Pacific slope of Costa Rica (from Guanacaste) S to Panama (both slopes from Coclé E through Darién) and N Colombia (S on Pacific coast to C Chocó, throughout Cauca Valley and Magdalena Valley; also in Arauca and Boyacá), and across N & W Venezuela (E to W Sucre, and S in llanos almost to R Orinoco).
  • E. l. melanura P. L. Sclater, 1851 – Black-tailed Euphonia – E Colombia (from Meta and Vichada) S through E Ecuador and E Peru (S to San Martín and N Ucayali), and C Brazil (Acre and generally E across Amazon Basin S of R Amazon to W Pará).
  • E. l. hypoxantha Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884 – Pacific coast of Ecuador S to NW Peru (S Cajamarca).
  • E. l. zopholega (Oberholser, 1918) – EC Peru (Junín and Cuzco).
  • E. l. laniirostris d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 – Thick-billed Euphonia – SE Peru and N & C Bolivia E to C Brazil (SE Amazonas and N & S Mato Grosso; locally SW Goiás).
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; 13–16·5 g. Rather small euphonia with relatively thick bill deeper than that of most congeners. Male nominate race has yellow forehead to mid-crown (a... read more

    Voice

    A good mimic of other birds’ vocalizations, especially of alarm and contact calls. Song a long... read more

    Habitat

    Occurs in a wide variety of partly open habitats, including woodlots, clearings with trees, forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small fruits and berries. Mistletoe (Loranthaceae) comprises a large proportion of diet, but also eats berries of melastomes, figs (... read more

    Breeding

    Breeding reported in Mar–Sept in Panama, and season probably similar in Costa Rica; Dec and Jan and birds in breeding condition in... read more

    Movements

    Resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common, and widespread, especially E of Andes. Occurs in numerous protected areas from Panama S to Bolivia, and thrives in variety... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2017). Thick-billed Euphonia (Euphonia laniirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61792 on 26 September 2017).