French: Araponga tricaronculé German: Dreilappenkotinga Spanish: Campanero tricarunculado
J. P. Verreaux and J. B. É. Verreaux
Bocas del Toro, north-west Panama
Highlands of E Honduras (Sierra de Agalta), NW Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama (E to Azuero Peninsula; Coiba I); winters in adjacent lowlands.
Male 30 cm, mean 210 g; female 25 cm, 145 g. Distinctive bellbird; bill very wide at gape, slightly longer than that of congeners. Male has head, neck and chest white, rest... read more
Male advertising call a very loud hammer-like “bock”, either on its own or combined... read more
Mountain forest, mainly at 1200–2300m, sporadically higher following breeding; foothill and... read more
Food and feeding
Fruits, especially those of Lauraceae; very wide gape allows fruits of up to 25 mm in diameter to be eaten. Plucks items either while... read more
One nest found in Costa Rica was being built by a female in mid-May and contained shell remains of a broken egg in early Jun; it was a... read more
Pronounced altitudinal migrant, wintering in lowlands. Data from radio-tagging study revealed... read more
Status and conservation
VULNERABLE. Uncommon and local. Range estimated to extend over 22,600 km2, but seasonal movements complicate calculation of true breeding area. Population roughly estimated... read more
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