Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)

Least Concern

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)


Taxonomy

French: Cygne trompette German: Trompeterschwan Spanish: Cisne trompetero
Taxonomy:

Cygnus buccinator

Richardson

, 1832,

Hudson Bay, Canada

.

Sometimes placed in genus Olor with C. cygnus and C. columbianus. Has been considered a subspecies of C. cygnus, to which it is closely related. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Breeds mainly in Alaska and W Canada and locally SE to SE Ontario (SE Canada), wintering in coastal S Alaska, British Columbia and NW USA; also several resident populations in several states of N USA, mostly from reintroductions.

Descriptive notes

150–180 cm; male 9100–13,600 g, female 7000–12,500 g; wingspan 230–260 cm. Black bill An Adult larger than in C. cygnus. Female averages... read more

Voice

Deep bugling call with emphasis on second syllable is most characteristic vocalization of species;... read more

Habitat

Swamps, marshes and shallow ponds or lakes in boreal forest zone, preferably with abundant aquatic... read more

Food and feeding

Diet of adults is almost entirely vegetarian, consisting of leafy parts and stems of various aquatic plants (pondweeds, water lilies, etc... read more

Breeding

Pair formation starts Mar–Apr, with eggs mainly laid late Apr–May and hatching in late May–Jul. Monogamous, with single... read more

Movements

US population mostly sedentary, most (c. 90%) undertaking only short local movements (including... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population estimated at c. 6000 birds in 1975; total with captive birds included, c. 11,000–12,000 birds; however, by... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52806 on 23 August 2017).