Perhaps a member of a superspecies, along with O. guatemalae, O. hoyi, O. atricapillus and O. sanctaecatarinae. Sometimes considered conspecific with O. guatemalae, but vocally distinct. Isolated races roraimae and napensis possibly separate species; further study needed. Additional races described from Peru (helleri) and Bolivia (bolivianus) here merged with napensis, but possibly merit subspecific recognition. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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