Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Violet-crowned Plovercrest (Stephanoxis loddigesii)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri à huppe bleue German: Violetthaubenelfe Spanish: Colibrí copetón sureño
Taxonomy:

Trochilus Loddigesii

Gould

, 1831,

Rio Grande do Sul

.

Usually considered a subspecies of S. lalandi, but marked plumage differences (noted in HBW) include glittering purple-violet vs emerald-green crown (3); whitish-grey of lower face extending under chin (in lalandi blue of underparts extends from chin to mid-flanks) (2); blue of throat, breast and belly darker and narrower down body, so that grey of flanks more or less continuous (3); bill longer (effect size 8.76, score 3). Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones) to SE Brazil (S São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

8·5–9·5 cm; male 3·7 g. Compared to formerly conspecific S. lalandi has bill slightly longer; male differs by violet-blue crest, brownish... read more

Voice

At leks, males give a complex, modulated vocalization at a mean rate of 74·8 ± 14... read more

Habitat

Understorey of forest, scrub vegetation and along watercourses from sea-level to 900 m.

Food and feeding

Forages for nectar at native and introduced flowers (Vochysia, Salvia, Dombeya, Calliandra, Inga... read more

Breeding

Season Oct–Mar in Brazil. Males generally gather at leks during the reproductive period, but lone singing males are occasionally recorded;... read more

Movements

Largely sedentary, but in S of breeding range individuals winter at lower elevations.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Patchily distributed and only locally common, e.g. around Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul (S Brazil). In C & S Paraná... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2017). Violet-crowned Plovercrest (Stephanoxis loddigesii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/467222 on 21 July 2017).