Family Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Least Concern

Violet Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus)


Taxonomy

French: Coucou violet German: Amethystkuckuck Spanish: Cuclillo violeta
Taxonomy:

Cuculus xanthorhynchus

Horsfield

, 1821,

Java

.

Thought to be closest to C. maculatus#R. Birds from Banggi I (N Borneo) sometimes split as race bangueyensis; birds of Andamans may represent a distinct race#R. Proposed race limborgi (S Myanmar) regarded as synonymous with nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. x. xanthorhynchus (Horsfield, 1821) – NE India, SE Bhutan#R and NE Bangladesh#R E to Myanmar, SC China (Yunnan), Thailand and Indochina, and S through Andamans, Nicobars, and Malay Peninsula to Greater Sundas and SW Philippines (Palawan).
  • C. x. amethystinus (Vigors, 1831) – Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Catanduanes, Samar, Cebu, Leyte#R, Mindanao, Basilan).
  • Descriptive notes

    16 cm; 21 g. Adult male glossy violet above and on head, tail blackish with white tip, outer feathers barred; chin to upper breast bright violet, belly white with broad black... read more

    Voice

    A “che-wick”, often in flight; also shrill descending trill preceded by a triple note “seer-se-seer... read more

    Habitat

    Secondary evergreen forests, deciduous forest, forest edge, orchards, gardens, mangroves, rubber... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, including caterpillars, flies, ants, beetles; also fruit. Creeps up and down branches, also flycatches; usually perches motionless.

    Breeding

    Brood-parasitic: hosts in India thought to be mainly sunbirds (Aethopyga) and spiderhunters (Arachnothera). Eggs unknown.

    Movements

    Resident or migratory. N populations including those in Assam and Bangladesh, appear to be... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Vulnerable to deforestation throughout its range. In breeding season, widespread but scarce in Myanmar, and uncommon in Thailand; reportedly not... read more

    Recommended citation

    Payne, R. (2017). Violet Cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/54822 on 21 July 2017).