Formerly treated, with H. hyperythrus, as a subspecies of H. fugax, but recently split#R, with support from subsequent workers#R#R#R, on basis of strong vocal differences from H. hyperythrus (at least 3) and medium differences from H. fugax (2); grey-streaked pinkish breast (2); rusty-buff wing-lining and axillaries (2); and (based on published data#R) a markedly shorter wing than hyperythrus (effect size −2.76; score 2) and markedly shorter bill than fugax (effect size –4.17; score 2). Two long-winged migrants in Peninsular Malaysia possibly represent an undescribed race#R. Monotypic.
Nepal through E Himalayas and S Assam hills to Myanmar, S & E China (S Sichuan S to Yunnan, Guangxi and Guangdong, then E & NE to Jiangsu), Thailand, N & C Laos, Annam and Hainan. Winters S to Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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