Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Scarlet-chested Parrot (Neophema splendida)


French: Perruche splendide German: Glanzsittich Spanish: Periquito espléndido

Euphema splendida


, 1841,

Western Australia




Interior SW to SE Australia, mainly in Great Victoria Desert; small population in SE South Australia (Gluepot Station)#R. Periodic irruptions can enlarge its range for several years.

Descriptive notes

19 cm; 36–44 g. Similar to N. pulchella but with red breast and no chestnut-red wing-patchAdult male Adult male feeding. Female has paler blue face, with... read more


Not very vocal. Contact calls include soft chirrups and twittering notes. Alarm call a disyllabic... read more


Arid mallee-mulga scrublands, usually with sparse spinifex Triodia cover, with preference... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of Triodia greatly favoured, with Newcastelia dixoni, Haloragis odontocarpa, Acacia and Stipa... read more


Aug–Jan, but variable with conditions, especially rain. Nest in hole in tree, usually a dead part of a eucalypt, 2·5–8 m... read more


Probably nomadic and certainly irruptive, presumably in response to favourable climatic conditions... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Birds are generally rare, but large numbers occur in periodic irruptions, e.g. 1939 and 1966, suggesting that the species is adapted to build up numbers... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Scarlet-chested Parrot (Neophema splendida). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 October 2019).