L. aëdon, aëdonis  nightingale  < Gr. αηδων aēdōn, αηδονος aēdonos  nightingale, songstress  < αειδω aeidō  to sing. In Gr. myth. Aëdon, wife to Zethus, was changed into a nightingale when, in attempting to murder the eldest son of her fecund sister Niobe, she killed her own son Itylus. In other versions of the legend she was metamorphosed into a goldfinch. The ICZN has banned the use of diacritic marks in scientific names, but in transliteration the Gr. aëdon should be so spelled, the diaeresis indicating that the second of the two vowels be pronounced separately. Similarly, amongst other examples, the ubiquitous Gr. combining form -oïdēs. Unhappily, whereas the removal of the German umlaut (ü) is compensated for by the addition of an e after the modified vowel, the removal of the diaeresis, a useful guide to pronunciation, leaves no trace of its passing.
● (syn. Cercotrichas Ϯ Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin C. galactotes) "VI. Fam.  Sylviadae Vigors.   ...   Aedon: Sylvia galactodes Temminck u.a." (Boie 1826). "Aedon Boie, 1826, Isis von Oken, col. 972. Type, by monotypy, "Sylvia galactodes Temminck" = Sylvia galactotes Temminck. Not Aedon T. Forster, 1817." (mihi).
● (syn. Luscinia Ϯ Thrush Nightingale L. luscinia) "101. SYLVIA LVSCINIA.  Luscinia Aedon?   ...   101. AEDON LVSCINIA.  NIGHTINGALE." (T. Forster 1817); "Aedon Forster, 1817, Synop. Cat. Brit. Birds, pp. 14; 53. Type, by monotypy, Aedon luscinia Forster = Motacilla luscinia Linnaeus." (Ripley in Peters 1964, X, 32).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2019).