(syn. Ardea Ϯ Black-headed Heron A. melanocephala) L. Afer, Afra African < Africa Africa; genus Ardea Linnaeus, 1758, heron; " A. melanocephala Vig. and Childr. should be subgenerically separated on account of its smaller size and shorter bill, for which the new name of AFRARDEA may be used." (A. Roberts 1922).