(syn. Charadrius Ϯ Three-banded Plover C. tricollaris) L. Afer, Afra African < Africa Africa; genus Oxyechus Reichenbach, 1853, plover; "The South African species bifrontatus, etc., which Baird, Brewer, and Ridgway considered referable to Oxyechus and which Sharpe placed in that genus, I would associate with Charadrius on account of the Vanelline bill, and quite set apart from Oxyechus which has a Pluvialine bill. On account of the characteristics of these species noted above, I would consider them generically separable from Charadrius hiaticula and propose for them the new generic name AFROXYECHUS with C. tricollaris Vieillot as type. This is the only possible course, as I consider that the bill of Oxyechus is Pluvialine whereas in Afroxyechus it is Vanelline — to me an essential difference." (Mathews 1913).