(Gruidae; Ϯ Black Crowned Crane B. pavonina) L. grui Balearicae  Balearic crane with a tufted head mentioned by Pliny. It is not known to which species Pliny referred, or even if it was a type of crane, although the Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides formerly occurred in Spain, and still migrates through the Nile valley, and it is possible that the Black Crowned Crane bred in the Nile delta or the marshes of Tunisia in classical times. Ulysses Aldrovandus 1599, gave the name grus Balearica to the latter sp., translated by Willughby 1676, as the ‘Balearic Crane’; "Balearica. Genus 84.  ...  La tête ornée d'une hupe composée de plumes ressemblantes à des racines de Chiendent.  **1. L'OISEAU-ROYAL.  ...  BALEARICA." (Brisson 1760): based on "Grus Balearica" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, Ardea pavonina Linnaeus, 1758, and many other references; "Balearica Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 511. Type, by monotypy, Balearica Brisson = Ardea pavonina Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 154).

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Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 January 2019).