(syn. Dinopium Ϯ Black-rumped Woodpecker D. benghalense) Gr. βραχυς brakhus  short; πτερνη pternē  heel; "After the Green Woodpeckers  have been distinguished as Gecinus, Boié, Swainson's genus Brachylophus still includes two well-marked groups: first the Short-thumbed Woodpeckers  closely allied to Tiga, containing 1. P. aurantius, Lin. (P. bengalensis, Gm.); 2. P. goensis, Gm.; 3. P. philippinarum, Lath.; 4. P. hæmatribon, Wagl., and 5. P. erythronotus, Vieill. To this group I would propose the name BRACHYPTERNUS." (Strickland 1841 (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.)); "BRACHYPTERNUS*, n. g.  < Picus, Linn., < Brachylophus, Sw.  Diff. Char. — Hind toe and claw very short, almost obsolete.   ...   Species: 1. B. aurantius (Linn.), (P. bengalensis, Gm.; P. nuchalis, Wagl.; B. hemipodius, Sw.)   ...   * Bραχυς, short; πτερνα, a heel." (Strickland 1841 (Proc. Zool. Soc. London)); "Brachypternus Strickland, Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist., 7, 1841, p. 35. Type, by subsequent designation, B. aurantius (L). Strickl. = Picus benghalensis Linné. (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1841, p. 71)" (Peters 1948, VI, 143).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2019).