BUPHAGUS

(Buphagidae; Ϯ Yellow-billed Oxpecker B. africanus) Gr. βους bous  ox; -φαγος -phagos  -eating  < φαγειν phagein  to eat; "LE PIQUE-BŒUF.  ... BUPHAGUS.  ... Cet Oiseau se pose sur le dos des Bœufs, & à coups de bec réitérés en fait sortir le sang, non pas pour s'en nourrir, mais pour tirer de dessous l'épiderme des vers, qui y vivent jusqu'au moment de leur métamorphose, & desquels il est très-friands: c'est ce qui lui a fair donner le nom de Pique-bœuf" (Brisson 1760); “Beef-eater ...Buphaga of Linnaeus and Brisson ...because it picks holes in the backs of cattle to get at the Larvae of insects deposited there” (Pennant 1773); "Buphagus Brisson, 1760, Orn., 1, p. 32, 2, p. 436. Type, by monotypy, "Buphagus" Brisson = Buphaga africana Linnaeus." (Amadon in Peters 1962, XV, 121). The oxpeckers feed only on ticks and other skin parasites of grazing mammals, especially African Buffalo, Giraffe and rhinoceroses.
Var. Buphaga, Buphaea.
Synon. Buphagoides.
● (syn. Catharacta Ϯ Great Skua C. skua) Gr. βου- bou-  huge  < βους bous  bull, ox; -φαγος -phagos  -eating  < φαγειν phagein  to eat; "ZEE-HAVIK, in 't Latyn Buphagus.  Skua van HOJER. by CLUSIUS. Exot. auctar. 369. en by WILLUGHBY t. 67.  Cataractes by RAY Syn. Av. p. 128" (Moehring 1758); "Genus BUPHAGUS Moehring.  Buphagus, Moehring, Genera Avium, 1752, page 66, no. 71.  Typus Larus catarractes, Linn." (Coues 1863).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 21 October 2018).