CATHARACTA

(Stercorariidae; Ϯ Great Skua C. skua) Gr. καταρακτης kataraktēs or καταρρακτης katarrhaktēs  unknown rapacious seabird mentioned by Aristotle and Dionysius; "CatharactaCharact. Gen. Rostrum rectum, subcylindricum, apice aduncum, cera instructum.  Pedes tetradactyli postico soluto.  Lingua canaliculata, apice bifido.  ...  Linn. Syst. Gen. LX.  Larus,  Brisson. orn. Gen. CI.  Stercorarius,  Mœhring. Av. Gen. LXXI.  Buphagus.   125. SKUA  ...  Feroensibus Skue. Islandis Skumr. Norvegis Kav-Orn?  ...  Forsan avis nostra cuidam insularum Færoensium nomen Skuöe dedit. In defendendis ovis pullisque valde strenua, num in transeuntium capita, involat alisque suis eos ferit; hinc incolæ, quibus ferocitas avis hujus nota est, cultrum erecta acie capiti imponunt, quo saepe transfigitur avis: L. Debes. Skuam interdum anates gallinasque, etiam agniculos prædari.   ...   126. CEPPHUS  ...  Cimbris Strand-Hog   ...   127. PARASITICA  ...  Norvegis Knuffva  ...  quibusdam Strundjager. Feroensibus Truen.  ...  128. COPROTHERES" (Brünnich 1764); "Catharacta Brünnich, Orn. Boreal., 1764, p. 32. Type, by subsequent designation, Cataharacta skua Brünnich (Reichenbach, Av. Syst. Nat., 1852 (1853), p. v.)" (Peters 1934, II, 309). Various southern hemisphere subspecies of the kleptoparasitic Great Skua or Bonxie referred to by Peters 1934, have since been separated as distinct species, i.e., Chilean Skua C. chilensis, South Polar Skua C. maccormicki, and Brown Skua C. antarcticus.
Var. Cattaracta, Catarrhacta.
Synon. Buphagus, Cataracta, Cataractes, Catarrhactes, Megalestris, Pomarinus.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 17 December 2018).