CATHARTES

(Cathartidae; Ϯ Turkey Vulture C. aura) Gr. καθαρτης kathartēs  cleanser  < καθαριζω katharizō  to cleanse; "GENUS 67. CATHARTES (καθαρτης purgator) Sarcoramphus Dumer.  (Aasvogel Germ.) Rostrum mediocre crassiusculum, rectum, maxilla basi ceromate, saepius carunculato, tecta, dertro distincto fornicato compressiusculo, adunco. Nares in ceromatis antica parte prope culmen sitae, ovales, longitudinales, perviae, mesorhinio angusto tenui. Lingua canaliculata, margine serrata. Caput et collum superius nuda, aut carunculata, aut rugosa. Collum saepius torque plumarum cinctum. Pedes insidentes, validi, mediocres, nudi; tarsus digito medio fere brevior. Ungues validi, modici, incurvi, acuti. Tarsotheca squamulato-reticulata, acrodactyla scutulata. Pelma torosum, scabrum.  Species: Vultur Papa, Aura Lin." (Illiger 1811); "Cathartes Illiger, 1811, Prodromus Syst. Mammalium Avium, p. 236. Type, by subsequent designation (Vigors, 1825, Zool. Journ., 2, p. 384), Vultur aura Linnaeus." (Amadon in Peters 1979, 1, ed. 2, 275). The Turkey Vulture acts as a very useful scavenger in the Neotropics.   
Var. Catharthes, Cahartes.   
Synon. Catharista, Gallinaza, Oenops, Rhinogryphus.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 23 January 2019).