(syn. Melanerpes Ϯ Red-bellied Woodpecker M. carolinus) Gr. κεντρον kentron  spike; ουρα oura  tail; "Centurus, Sw.   Gonys angulated, half as long as the under mandible.  Lateral ridge about half the length of the culmen, which is gently curved.  Sides of the bill compressed.  Tarsus shorter than the versatile toe; the anterior rather longer.  Plumage, above, black banded with white.  (fig. 277.c)   C. Carolinensis. Wils. 7. f. 2.   brachypterus. Sw. sp. nov." (Swainson 1837); "Centurus Swainson, Classif. Bds., 2, 1837, p. 310. Type, by subsequent designation, C. carolinus (L.) = Picus carolinus Linné (G. R. Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 55.)" (Peters 1948, VI, 157).   Var. Centrurus.

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Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 16 December 2018).