CHAETORNIS

(Locustellidae; Ϯ Bristled Grassbird C. striata) Gr. χαιτη khaitē  long hair; ορνις ornis, ορνιθος ornithos  bird; "CHÆTORNIS.   Bill moderate and strong, with the culmen arched, and the sides much compressed to the tip, which is slightly emarginated; the gonys short and ascending; the gape furnished with four or five strong bristles; the nostrils basal, and placed in a membranous groove, which is partly clothed with plumes, with the opening oval and exposed. Wings rather short and rounded  ...  Tail lengthened, broad, and rounded. Tarsi rather shorter than the middle toe, strong, and covered with an almost entire scale in front. Toes lengthened and slender  ...  The species that compose this genus are found in India.  1. C. striata (Jerd.) Madr. Journ. Lit. & Sci. 1841. p. 198. - Dasyornis locustelloïdes Blyth.   2. C. collurioceps [sic] (Blyth), Journ. A. S. B. 1842. p. 603" (G. R. Gray 1848); "Characterized by having unfeathered lores with five very strong rictal bristles arranged in a vertical row in front of the eye  ...  These five bristles are set in a loose moveable flap of skin so that they move backwards and forwards as on a hinge. When pressed back they cover the eyes completely with a grating and afford adequate protection to them while the bird is moving through heavy rough-edged grass" (Ali & Ripley, 8, 1973).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 10 December 2018).