CINCLUS

(Cinclidae; Ϯ White-throated Dipper C. cinclus) Specific name Sturnus cinclus Linnaeus, 1758; "XXIII. Gattung, Wasseramsel, Cinclus.  ...  128) Cinclus hydrophilus, die gemeine Wasseramsel, schwarz mit weißer Brust.  Linn. p. 803. nr. 5.  Faun. suec. nr. 214. Sturnus Cinclus.  Bechsteins Nat. Gesch. Deutschl. IV. S. 167.  Der Wasserstaar.  Göze Fauna V. I. S. 67. Wasserstaar.  Scopoli Ann. I. nr. 223. Motacilla Cinclus.  Lathams Uebers. III. S. 45. nr. 50. Wasseramsel (unter den Drosseln).  ...  Aber nirgends steht er am rechten Art, und nur in einer eigenen Gattung, wozu der Bau seines Körpers und Schnabels hinlängliche Kennzeichen darbieten, kann er eine angemessene Stelle finden" (Borkhausen 1797); "Wassenschwätzer. Cinclus  ...  Der Gestalt nach unter die Singvögel gehörig, der Nahrung und Lebensart nach aber sich den Sumpfvögeln und zwar den Strandläufen nähernd. Nähren sich von Wasserinsekten und nisten in Uferlöchern  ...  Sturnus Cinclus. Linn." (Bechstein 1802). The dippers are a small, distinctive group of passerines adapted to swimming and hunting under water.
Var. Cinches.
Synon. Accentor, Aquatilis, Hydrichla, Hydrobata.
● (syn. Arenaria Ϯ Ruddy Turnstone A. interpres) Gr. κιγκλος kinklos  unidentified waterside bird; "CINCLUS, Mœhr. (1752).  Strepsilas, Ill. (1811).  Arenaria, Briss. (1760).  Morinella, Meyer (1810).  Tringa, L.    C. morinellus, (L.) G. R. Gray. Pl. enl. 856.  S. interpres, Ill.  S. collaris, Temm." (G. Gray 1841). Gray has opened Pandora's box here; Moehring's "Cinclus", in so far as it is identifiable at all, is most probably the Dunlin, and certainly not the Turnstone.
● (syn. Calidris Ϯ Dunlin C. alpina) "HALVE SNEP, LOOPERTJE, in 't Lat. Cinclus.* [RAY. Syn. Av. p. 110]" (Moehring 1758); "L'ALOUETTE-DE-MER.  ... CINCLUS" (Brisson 1760): ex "Cinclus" of Gessner 1555, "Schoeniclus" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, "Junco" of Charleton 1668, "Ox-eye" of Ray 1713, and other references. The "Ox-eye" of Ray is certainly the Dunlin.  Although historically Tringa Cinclus has been used for a variety of waders, Cinclus Bechstein, 1804: "Steinpicker  ...  Tringa Cinclus, alpina, islandica u.a.", also represents the Dunlin (OD per Björn Bergenholtz).
● (syn. ?) No expl. (Rafinesque 1815, Analyse, 67, where placed in family Conoramphia, sub-family Coracinia, between Caryocactes and Corvus). Perhaps an error for Coloeus.
● (syn. ?) No expl. (Rafinesque 1815, Analyse, 68, where placed in family Conoramphia, sub-family Sturnidia, following Xanthornus).

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 11 December 2018).