(Phasianidae; Ϯ Common Quail C. coturnix) L. coturnix, coturnicis  quail; "40e  GENRE. { Caille. Le bec court, en cône-recourbé: les narines ovales, demi-fermées: la langue entière, pointue: point d'espace nud derrière les yeux: les pieds sans éperons.   Coturnix.  Rostrum breve, conico-incurvum: nares ovatæ, semi-tectæ: lingua integra, acuta: area pone oculos nulla: pedes mutici." (Bonnaterre 1791); "Coturnix Bonnaterre, Tabl. Encyc. Méth., Orn., pt. 1, 1791, p. lxxxvii. Type, by tautonymy, "Caille" = Tetrao coturnix Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 91). The Common Quail was formerly an abundant migrant summer visitor to Europe, but its numbers are now declining (see quelea and quiscula).
Var. Coturuix.
Synon. Compsortyx, Maroturnia, Ortygion, Palaeoperdix, Palaeortyx, Perdortyx, Schaubortyx, Zecoturnix.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2019).