CYCLOPSITTA

(Psittacidae; Ϯ Double-eyed Fig Parrot C. diophthalma) Gr. myth. Cyclops, a race of giants in Sicily having but one eye in the middle of their foreheads  < κυκλωψ kuklōps, κυκλωπος kuklōpos  round-eyed  < κυκλος kuklos  circle; ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos  eye; Mod. L. psitta  parrot  < Gr. ψιττακη psittakē  parrot; "PSITTACULE DOUBLE-ŒIL (Psittacula diophthalma)  ... œil entouré supérieurement d'un trait vert bleuâtre, se terminant en avant, sur la région du Lorum par une huppe bleu tendre brillant, qui simule de loin des yeux doués d'un éclat de pierre précieuse" (Hombron & Jacquinot 1841); "CYCLOPSITTE DOUBLE ŒIL. - CYCLOPSITTA DIOPHTHALMA, Homb. et Jacq.  ... Syn. PSITTACULA DIOPHTHALMA, Homb. et Jacq. Ann. des Sciences nat., 2e série, vol. XVI, p. 318" (Jacquinot & Pucheran 1853); "Cyclopsitta was introduced by Reichenbach, Syst. Av. tab. lxxxii. 1850, where figures of a head, tail, wing, and claw are given. It seems to be a composite effort, as the head most resembles that of Trichoglossus versicolor [= Psitteuteles versicolor] Lear, the tail is unlike that of C. diophthalma Jacquinot and Pucheran, while the wing does not seem like that of any of these little parrots. It can certainly not be used for this genus, and I have rejected it as indeterminable." (Mathews 1912). At first sight the parrot labelled Cyclopsitta on Reichenbach's 1850, pl. LXXXII, appears to bear little resemblance to any fig parrot. Certainly the head has much of Lorius about it. However, Reichenbach's plate was based on Hombron & Jacquinot 1846, Voyage au Pôle Sud, Atlas Zoologique, plate 25bis, where figure B therein shows the distinctive ridged lower mandible of the genus. This was overlooked by Mathews 1912, and not included in the figures supplied by Mathews 1916/1917, Birds of Australia, VI, 63 (see Opopsitta).
Var. Cyclopsittacus (Gr. ψιττακος psittakos  parrot), Cychlopsitta.
Synon. Manopsitta, Nannopsittacus, Opopsitta, Suavipsitta.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 18 December 2018).