ERYTHRURA

(Estrildidae; Ϯ Pin-tailed Parrotfinch E. prasina) Gr. ερυθρος eruthros  red; ουρα oura  tail; "Erythura, Sw.  Bill thick, lengthened, resembling that of Euplectes. Tail very long, acuminated.   E. viridis. Pl. Col. 96." (Swainson 1837); "Erythrura Swainson, 1837, Class. Birds, 2, p. 280 (originally misspelled Erythura, but universally emended). Type, by monotypy, Erythrura viridis Temminck, 1835, Pl. Col., livr. 96 = Loxia prasina Sparrman." (Mayr in Peters 1968, XIV, 362).  Excepting E. hyperythra and E. kleinschmidti, all male parrotfinches have bright red rumps and tails. 
Var. Erythura (original spelling).   
Synon. Acalanthe, Acmura, Amblynura, Chloromunia, Chlorura, Erythrina, Lobiospiza, Lobospingus, Poedela, Reichenowia, Rhamphostruthus, Trichroa.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 22 January 2019).