FRATERCULA

(Alcidae; Ϯ Atlantic Puffin F. arctica) Med. L. fraterculus  friar  < L. fraterculus  little brother  < dim. frater  brother; probably from the Puffin’s portly appearance and black and white garb (according to Olafsen 1774 a local Icelandic name for the Puffin signified 'priest' (cf. Cornish name "Pope" for the Puffin, mentioned by Willughby 1676)); “The mediaeval name, from the bird’s gregarious habits” (BOU 1915); “perhaps with ref. to the bird’s habit, when rising from the sea, of clasping its feet as though in prayer” (Macleod, 1954); "Fratercula superne nigra, inferne alba; capite ad latera, guttureque sordide albo-griseis: torque nigro; rectricibus nigricantibus" (Brisson 1760): based on "Fratercula" of Gessner 1555, and Aldrovandus 1599-1603, "Lunda" of Clusius 1605, "Puffinus" of Charleton 1668, "Spheniscus" of Moehring 1752, Alca Arctica Linnaeus, 1758, and other references; "Fratercula Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 52; 6, p. 81. Type, by monotypy and tautonymy, Fratercula Brisson = Alca arctica Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 358).
Synon. Ceratoblepharum, Cheniscus, Gymnoblepharum, Larva, Lunda, Mormon, Puffinus, Sagmatorrhina.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 17 December 2018).