FRINGILLA

(Fringillidae; Ϯ Common Chaffinch F. coelebs) L. fringilla (also frigiliafringuilla, fringillus, fringuillus, frenguillus, fringuellus, fringuillo)  finch, subsequently associated with the Chaffinch; "98. FRINGILLA.  Rostrum conicum, rectum, acutum." (Linnaeus 1758); "Fringilla Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 179. Type, by tautonymy, "Fringilla" = Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus." (Mayr in Peters 1968, XIV, 203). Linnaeus's Fringilla comprised thirty-one  species (F. oryzivora, F. cœlebs, F. Montifringilla, F. lulensis, F. lapponica, F. sylvatica, F. melancholica, F. erythrophthalma, F. Carduelis, F. Melba, F. Amandava, F. Gyrola, F. rubra, F. tristis, F. Zena, F. brasiliana, F. butyracea, F. Canaria, F. Spinus, F. flammea, F. flavirostris, F. cannabina, F. Linaria, F. angolensis, F. violacea, F. Schœniclus, F. domestica, F. montana, F. chinensis, F. hyemalis, F. Zena). Modern research suggests that some of the southern and insular subspecies of the Common Chaffinch may be entitled to specific rank, e.g. canariensis, spodiogenys, moreletti.
Var. FrangillaFringuilla, Fringille, Frlngilla
Synon. Coelebs, Hortulanus, SpermologaSpiza, Struthus.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 15 December 2018).