GOURA

(Columbidae; Ϯ Blue Crowned Pigeon G. cristata) New Guinea aboriginal names Goura or Guria for the crowned pigeons; "GOURA.  GOÜRA.   Generic CharacterRostrum mediocre graciliusculum, ad apicem paulo inflatum; mandibula superiore lateratim sulcata; versus apicem descendens.  Nares superne plumis tectis, in rima sitæ.  Alæ breves, rotundatæ.  Tarsi longiores, digiti basi fissi.   Columbi-Gallines. Le Vaillant.  Lophyrus. Vieillot.  Goüra. Temminck.  Columba. Linné, Gmelin, Cuvier, &c.   THE birds of this genus are known from those of the other genera of the order, by the great length of their tarsi, which approach to those of the Gallinaceæ  ...  many of the species have received the name of Partridge, from their manners being so similar to the birds of that genus.   A. Head furnished with a crest.  CROWNED GOURA.  (Goüra coronata.)  ...  Columba coronata. Gmel. Syst. Nat. 1. 774. 17.  ...  Phasianus cristatus indicus. Briss. Orn. 1. 279. 6. pl. 26. f. 1.   Le Pigeon couronné des Indes. Buff. Ois. 2. 354.  ...  Le Goura de la Nouvelle Guinée. Sonner. Voy. Ind. 169. pl. 104.   Colombi Kocco. Le Vaill. Ois. d'Afriq. 6. pl. 280.   Colombi-Galline Goura. Temm. Pig. (8vo.) p. 377.   Great crowned Pigeon. Lath. Gen. Syn. 4. 620. 2.  ...  THIS is the largest bird of this order known, exceeding a Turkey in size  ...  These birds have many of the manners of the common Pigeons  ...  its note is, however, so loud at times, as to resemble a kind of lowing; and its mournful notes alarmed the crew of Bougainville greatly, on hearing them, for the first time, in the wild and unfrequented spots of some of the islands on which they landed; they supposing the noise to be uttered by some of the savages of those parts. They are easily tamed, and in the East Indies are kept in court-yards as poultry. In a wild state they build and breed in the highest trees. They inhabit the Moluccas and New Guinea.    B. Head not crested.  ...  NICOBAR GOURA. (Goüra Nicobarica.)  ...  WATTLED GOURA. (Goüra carunculata.)  ...  BLUE-HEADED GOURA. (Goüra cyanocephala.)  ...  WHITE-BELLIED GOURA. (Goüra Jamaicensis.)  ...  RED-BELLIED GOURA. (Goüra erythrothorax.)  ...  RED-BREASTED GOURA. (Goüra cruenta.)  ...  MOUNTAIN GOURA. (Goüra montana.)  ...  HOTTENTOT GOURA. (Goüra Hottentota.)  ...  MARTINICO GOURA. (Goüra Martinica.)  ...  GROUND GOURA. (Goüra Passerina.)  ...  PICUI GOURA. (Goüra Picui.)  ...  TALPACOTI GOURA. (Goüra Talpacoti.)  ...  PASSERINE GOURA. (Goüra minuta.)" (Stephens 1819); "Goüra Stephens, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 11, pt. 1, 1819, p. 119. Type, by subsequent designation, G. coronata (Lath.) = Columba coronata Linné = Columba cristata Pallas (G. R. Gray, Listr Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 59)." (Peters 1937, III, 140). 
Synon. Columba, Lophiurus, Lophyrus, Megapelia, Ptilophyrus.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2018). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2018). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 15 December 2018).