(Sturnidae; Ϯ Common Hill Myna G. religiosa) L. graculus  unknown bird, identified with the Jackdaw from its cries "gra gra" (cf. Med. L. graculus  Rook or Jay); "50. GRACULA.  Rostrum convexo-cultratum, basi nudiusculum.  Lingua integra, acutiuscula, carnosa.  Pedes digitis anticis 3, postico 1." (Linnaeus 1758); "Gracula Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 108. Type, by subsequent designation (Gray, 1840, List. Gen. Birds, p. 39), Gracula religiosa Linnaeus." (Amadon in Peters 1962, XV, 118). Linnaeus's Gracula comprised seven species (G. religiosa, G. fœtida, G. Barita, G. cristatella, G. Saularis, G. Quiscula, G. Atthis). 
Var. Granula.
Synon. Eulabes, Mainatus.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2019).