IRENA

(Irenidae; Ϯ Asian Fairy-bluebird I. puella) Gr. myth. Irene or Eirene, goddess of peace and plenty (cf. "Eιρηνη, peace: - how connected I know not" (Ashmolean 1836)). "Gen. 16. IRENA.   ...   The striking and distinctive characters of this genus are, the nares covered with velvet-like feathers, from the base of which strong vibrissæ are protruded, the short feet and the weakness of the claws.  It is nearest to Turdus and Oriolus.  From the former it differs in the greater arch of the beak and the lateral convexity of the sides of the culmen; from the latter in the curvature of the beak and the elevation of the culmen.  It differs from both in the velvet-like covering of the nares, and in the lateral grooves of the upper mandible.  The bill is also shorter and more convex than in Meliphaga, which has a semblance of a similar membrane over the nares, but is destitute of the downy covering.    Spec. 1. Irena puella mihi.  Coracias puella, Lath. Ind. Orn.  171.  Bressi Javanis." (Horsfield 1821); "Irena Horsfield, 1821, Trans. Linn. Soc., 13, pl. 1, p. 153. Type, by monotypy, Coracias puella Latham." (Delacour in Peters 1960, IX, 307).
Var. Irene, Jrena.
Synon. Glauconympha, Irenella.

Search for more names on the Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology by James A. Jobling.
Recommended citation
Jobling, J. A. (2019). Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2019). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from www.hbw.com on 21 January 2019).